EUREKA >> The Humboldt B-52s entered Saturdays doubleheader against the Redding Tigers riding the wave of a four-game win streak to a fifth after winning 13-3 over the Redding Tigers in Game 1 at Bomber Field.To the contrary of the starting pitching setting the tone at home like usual for the B-52s, it was an offensive blitz sparked in the second inning that got the Bombers going this time around.“Offensively we set the tone today,” B-52s head coach Scott St. John said. “We hit the ball from …
In 1963 the Organisation of African Unity rose from the ashes of colonial rule. Since then, as the African Union, it has expanded and embraced its ever-growing role. The opening ceremony of the 23rd Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the African Union in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, on 26 June 2014. (Image: AU Facebook) Priya PitamberAs African countries shook off the shackles of their colonial masters and gained their independence in the 1950s and 1960s, they recognised the need for a unified voice on the continent.This led to the formation of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), which officially came into being on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. At inception, it comprised 32 independent African states; over the years, the number of member states gradually increased.However, Morocco withdrew its membership in 1984. Then, in the 1990s, OAU leaders debated an alternative structure for the organisation in response to the rapidly changing global political environment. By 1999, the OAU heads of state and government had issued the Sirte Declaration to establish a new African Union (AU). The AU was launched in Durban, South Africa in 2002, when it convened its first meeting.On 9 July 2011, South Sudan joined the AU, becoming the 54th country to do so.See images of the launch in 1963:The Heads of African States and Governments have signed the OAU Charter in the City of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 25th day of May, 1963Posted by African Union on Thursday, 16 May 2013 Addis Ababa, May 1963. for the first time in history, the leaders and representatives of all independent African states meet under one roof.Posted by African Union on Thursday, 16 May 2013The official languages of the AU are diverse: Arabic, English, French, Kiswahili, Portuguese, Spanish, and any other African language, but the working languages are limited to Arabic, English, French and Portuguese.Basic structureThere are various organs within the AU:The AssemblyThis is made up of the heads of state and government or their ascribed representatives. It is the highest structure in the AU.The Executive CouncilThe Executive Council is composed of ministers or authorities chosen by the governments of member states. They are accountable to the Assembly.The CommissionsEach commission has a specified portfolio and is made of a chairperson, a deputy chairperson, eight commissioners and other staff members.The Permanent Representatives’ CommitteeThis committee comprises permanent representatives of member states accredited to the AU. It is responsible for executing the work of the Executive Council and Assembly.The Peace and Security CouncilThe Peace and Security Council (PSC) was set up to provide quick and efficient responses to crises. It is made up of 15 members.The Pan-African ParliamentThe purpose of the Pan-African Parliament, or PAP, is to “ensure the full participation of African peoples in the development and economic integration of the continent”. It has up to 250 members representing the 54 AU member states.There are also numerous other organs within the AU, which deal with judicial, legalisation, financial, economic, and human rights issues.Role of the unionMany of the core principals of the OAU moved over to the AU:• To promote the unity and solidarity of African states;• To co-ordinate and intensify their co-operation and efforts to achieve a better life for the peoples of Africa;• To safeguard the sovereignty and territorial integrity of member states;• To promote international co-operation within the UN framework; and,• To harmonise members’ political, diplomatic, economic, educational, cultural, health, welfare, scientific, technical and defence policies.Watch the opening of the 24th Ordinary Session of the AU Assembly, which took place on 30 January this year in Addis Ababa, the seat of the union:Sources:AU Handbook 2015 and the AU website.
Related Posts A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Tags:#Product Reviews#Semantic Web#web richard macmanus Since it was first unveiled to ReadWriteWeb back in October 2007, Semantic Web application Twine has traveled a rocky road. The product is a knowledge management service, in practical terms similar to social bookmarking site Delicious. However, almost from the start there have been vocal critics of Twine. The latest critique is a scathing post by Semantic Web consultant Greg Boutin, entitled Twine in Freefall?. Boutin argues that Twine’s traffic has taken a dive recently. We followed up with Twine founder Nova Spivack for his response. He admits that traffic has declined “20-25%,” but says that Twine is focusing on an all-new version of its product.Over the years Nova Spivack hasn’t been shy about hyping his company, sometimes dissing other products in the process. On that note, we should note that Spivack and Boutin appear to have had a personal squabble. In Boutin’s post he says that earlier this year Spivack “decided to libel me on twitter, through tweets he has since deleted.” We don’t know the specifics of this, but clearly this battle with Spivack has colored Boutin’s view of Twine now. Nevertheless, the statistics Boutin points to are valid.The premise of Greg Boutin’s post is that Twine had earlier in the year trumpeted passing Delicious and Friendfeed in traffic – ReadWriteWeb was the first to cover the Delicious trend, back in March. However now Boutin points to statistics from Compete, Alexa and Quancast showing a marked drop in traffic. Compete was the source we used in our March post, so below we’ve pasted comparison charts from then and now:Compete chart from March ’09 showing that Twine was trending upwards, while Delicious growth appeared to have tapered off.Compete chart showing that Twine did indeed pass Delicious in March ’09, however over June-July Twine’s traffic has plummeted but Delicious held steady.Twine: Yes Traffic Has Dropped, But We’re Focusing on Version 2…ReadWriteWeb questioned Twine about these statistics and the company admits that “our internal data shows us down 20-25%.” Twine appears to put some of this down to problems with version 1 of its product. The company told us that it is putting all of its focus and marketing efforts into a brand new version (more on that below). Therefore the drop in traffic is something Twine and its investors are comfortable with, for now. Nova Spivack also told us that Twine had indexing problems with Google over the summer. If this was the case, that may be a big reason for the decline in Compete. Spivack explained that “we have about 500K pages that should be indexed. They [Google] are only indexing 140K pages, but we’re basically not worrying about it, since T2 [version 2, see below for details] will change the game and the way we deal with Google anyway. . .”Twine 2.0: Make or BreakTwine says that it is busy working on a new version of its product, which is why it hasn’t been active on the PR front in the last few months. The company is hoping the new version gets its momentum back. Nova Spivack elaborated on the new version to ReadWriteWeb, which we’ll quote in its entirety because it illuminates Spivack and company’s marketing approach:“In the last 9 months we have made a breakthrough with the new version of Twine that changes the economics of vertical search and navigation on the Web. This new technology enables Twine to provide Web-scale faceted navigation and search across numerous vertical search categories. We are able to index structured data (like recipes, products, reviews, or any kind of database driven or XML content) with search-engine performance and scalability. This is a huge leap beyond what we were able to deliver in the first version of Twine.”“As a result of this breakthrough, we have made a strategic decision to focus all of our resources on bringing Twine version 2 (T2) to market by the end of the year. Version 1 of Twine will remain online until we are able to cutover to version 2. We are doing no further work on version 1 and no marketing for it, either. We are of course still supporting it from a technical and user perspective, however. But all our focus is on T2 moving forward.”Twine also told us that it has signed deals with nearly a dozen major content providers and brands to integrate the new search capabilities into their online services. See our March post for more context about the new version.So what do we think about this latest twist to the Twine saga? With language like “breakthrough,” “changes the economics” and “huge leap beyond,” once again Twine is hyping itself up. While there have always been signs that Twine is at least partly delivering on its clear promise, the fact is that Twine continues to struggle to deliver a product the market wants. This accounts for its inconsistent growth and much of the criticism of usability which Twine has endured.We continue to cheer for Twine, but it does seem that version 2 is make or break for the company. 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market